Anti-Dinoflagellates and Cyanobacteria Protocol

Introduction:
This protocol is designed to help reef aquarium hobbyists combat dinoflagellates and cyanobacteria using a combination of four Modern Reef products. By following this protocol, you can create a balanced and healthy reef environment that promotes beneficial microorganisms, boosts non-phototrophic microorganisms to outcompete dinoflagellates and cyanobacteria, and reduces the growth of unwanted pests.

Products Used:

  1. BIOReef-Snow: A unique mixture of flocculent compounds and sponge vitalizers that neutralizes undesirable acids and is a solution against dinoflagellates, slime algae, and cyanobacteria.
  2. BIOBac: A full-spectrum synthetic bacterial blend that includes probiotic, nitrifying, and purple bacteria—designed to aid in the nitrification process and the breakdown of toxic ammonia and hydrogen sulfide.
  3. BIODiversity: A lab-bio-engineered solution that diversifies and boosts the microfauna in your reef aquarium, creating a more vital reef immune system.
  4. BIOActivator: An all-in-one biological stimulant based on enzymes and bacteria food that promotes microbiology in reef aquariums, improves water clarity, and retains excess nutrients and contaminants.
  5. NITRI-Bac (optional): A specialized nitrifying bacteria blend that enhances the nitrification process and promotes a healthy nitrogen cycle.

Protocol:

Step 1: Prepare the Mix

  • Collect 250-500ml of aquarium water in a cup or container. Do not use osmosis water!
  • Add the following products to the collected salt water in this order, using the recommended dosages:
    • BIOReef-Snow: 1ml per 100L 
    • BIOBac: 1ml per 100L
    • BIODiversity: 10ml per 100L
    • BIOActivator: 1 measuring spoon (included) per 100L
    • NITRIbac (optional): 5ml per 100L
  • Mix the liquid using a small cafe mixer or any other tool that helps mix well.
  • Let the mixture rest for 4-5 hours minimum before applying it to the aquarium. You can mix it in between and mix it again before applying it to the aquarium.
  • The mixture can be left to rest for up to 12 hours.

Step 2: Apply the Mix

  • Apply the mixture to the aquarium when the lights turn off.
  • Turn off the skimmer and UV for 4 hours.
  • Program the lights to stay off for the next day to start the blackout cycle.
  • Wrap the tank with a dark material to make the aquarium completely dark during the blackout period.
  • We recommend using filter socks to remove dinoflagellates during the blackout period, when they are in their planktonic state. This will help to physically remove them from the water column.

Step 3: After Dosing

  • Turn on the UV filter in the morning of the next day or after 4 hours of dosing the mix. Use a UV filter that is rated for a larger tank size than your aquarium.
  • On the morning of day 2, turn the lights back on (after +/- 36 hours).
  • Repeat the protocol weekly for 4 weeks, even if the aquarium appears clean.

Important Notes:

  • It is essential to maintain good and strong water circulation.
  • Improve pH fluctuations by improving gas exchange to reduce CO2.
  • Keep NO3 and PO4 levels detectable to acceptable high.
  • Always follow the instructions and guidelines provided with each product, and be patient and observant of your aquarium’s response.

By following this protocol, you can create a healthy and balanced reef environment that promotes beneficial microorganisms, boosts non-phototrophic microorganisms to outcompete dinoflagellates and cyanobacteria, and reduces the growth of unwanted pests. Remember to always follow the instructions and guidelines provided with each product, and be patient and observant of your aquarium’s response.